One of the oldest and most revered Buddhist stupas in Nepal, Swayambhunath is also known as the Monkey Temple due to the presence of many monkeys around the site. It is situated on a hilltop, offering a panoramic view of the Kathmandu Valley. The stupa’s name means “self-created” and is believed to have been spontaneously formed around 2,000 years ago. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a major center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal.